Which Fiber Connector Should You Buy?The Top Fiber Connector Types Explained

If your internet speed fluctuates now and time, it's time to upgrade to a fibernet. Depending on your equipment, you may need a different connector style. For instance, most network applications use the LC connector type.

In this post, we will talk more about fiberconnector types here rather than fiber cables. Let's look at some of the popular connector types used, their advantages, and the features.

Different Types of Fiber Connector Types

Fiber connectors are evolving by the day, and new features are added to improve performance. While SC and LC are widely used, there are other types of fiber connectors to keep in mind before buying one. Installing them is easy when you choose the right one for your device. Here are the most popular fiber connector types you get to see in the store today.

SC or Standard Connector

SC fiber connector is the standard connector type that comes at an affordable price. However, due to its bulky nature, it is not preferred much.

The locking arrangement is easy with this connector. You just need to push it, and it gets locked. It is also known as square or subscriber connector. It is easy to set up and lasts longer too. It's used for network-related purposes as it is a duplex fiber optic cable.

FC or Ferrule Core Connector 

Originally called field assembly connector, it was created to be used in high-vibration conditions. However, SC and LC are slowly replacing FC due to their improved features. FC's polish grade determines the extent of insertion loss, and if it is graded FC/SPC or FC/UPC, it is of high quality.

FC's are used in SMF's and polarization-maintaining optical fiber. You need to check the grade and the polish type before choosing the right FC fiber connector.  

LC or Lucent Connector

LC is a popular fiber connector used for data communication and is more compact than the SC connecter. While both LC and SC are based on a push-pull feature, LC has a smaller ferrule making it easier to displace. Due to its lock and key element, its popularity has increased. However, based on the requirements, you can go with either LC or SC.

SMA Connector

The ones you see on microwaves are SMA connectors. It has a screw locking system and is used in the healthcare industry. However, it had its drawbacks and SC connectors overtook them.

ST Connector

The connectors used for networking applications are ST connectors. They have around 500 cycles, and the locking system is slightly different from the rest. You need to twist this cylindrical connector to ensure it stays tight. It can have an insertion loss of about 2.5 Db and have an easily removable design.

How many types of Fiber Connectors are Present in the Market?

Over 100 types of fiber connectors are available at present. With advancements in technology, connectors with better features and functions are created to overcome previous connectors' drawbacks.

What is the primary difference between LC and SC?

LC connector is smaller than SC and is used for small devices. It has 1.2 mm of the ferrule and is used in datacoms. The main difference between the two is in their locking system. LC has a latch-style system, while SC has a push and pull system. 

SC was the first kind and remained predominant for a long time due to its ease of use. But, it had a large size, and that's when LC came into the Market. LC's ferrule diameter was 1.2mm, while SC was 2.5mm. This major difference between the two made LC gain popularity. However, both provide less insertion loss and high transfer speed and last longer.

How to Choose the Perfect Fiber Connectors for your Equipment

While there are tons of uses of fiber connector types and choosing the right one is essential for the system's proper functioning. It takes immense skill to tap into the fiber network and is more secure than cables. To keep the wires running, you need a good fiber connector.

Know which type of connector to use for your equipment rather than going for the popularly used one. Check the color codes of the connectors as they differ with each manufacturer to avoid confusion. Fiber connectors work well when you purchase the one based on your system specifications.

 You need to know the differences between multimode, single-mode UPC, and single-mode APC of both SC and LC connector types to get the right one. Though you can switch to a different connector type using adaptors, it's easier to learn which one you need right at the beginning.

Is Fiber Better than Cable?

Having a stable internet connection is essential to your business. For zero inconsistencies, fiber optics cables are the best bet. You cannot go wrong with them any day. Cable connections rely more on electricity, and a power outage means your internet connection is gone. 

But with fiber optics, you will never face any such issues as data is transferred over the glass channels. It's one of the main reasons why many opt for fibernet or fiber optic cables. Due to this, it's reliable, and you don't see it fluctuating or falling frequently.

Final Thoughts

These are the basic fiber connector types used in the industry. Check out the design type and the rate of insertion loss before choosing a fiber connector. While you might find LC and SC in the majority, you can go for the one that best suits your needs. It also depends on the type of equipment you're using and the fiber standard. 

ST connectors fall back due to their limitations. However, if you're going for networking or audio and video, ST connectors can be used along with SC and LC. Lastly, determine the equipment for which the connector is need, the fiber mode, and the polish type before going for a fiber connector.

Ferrule core connectorFiber connector typesLucent connectorPerfect fiber connectorsSc or standard connector

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